Introduction to Linux

The creation of Linux

In 1991, in Helsinki, Linus Torvalds began a project that later became the Linux kernel. It was initially a terminal emulator, which Torvalds used to access the large UNIX servers of the university. He wrote the program specifically for the hardware he was using and independent of an operating system because he wanted to use the functions of his new PC with an 80386 processor. Development was done on MINIX using the GNU C compiler, which is still the main choice for compiling Linux today 

Hello everybody out there using minix -

I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things).

I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and I'd like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-)

Linus (torvalds@kruuna.helsinki.fi)

PS. Yes – it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT portable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that's all I have :-(.

Class Handout 

Multiboot DVD

Distributions included

LinuxopenSUSE Gnome 3

linuxmint 11 Gnome 2

linuxmint 9 Fluxbox

linuxmint 12 Gnome 3

tinycore-core

memtest 86+

This class was created using only Free and Open Source Software

Glossary of Terms

Timeline of Unix and Unix like systems

Running Linux Mint 11 LiveCD in Virtualbox (File Download)

installing Linux Mint from LiveDVD in Virtualbox (FIle Download) 

Links

Software used to create this class

Overview

http://distrowatch.com/

Distrubution Pages

http://linuxmint.com/

http://www.ubuntu.com/

http://www.puppylinux.com/

http://www.opensuse.org/

http://fedoraproject.org/

http://www.centos.org/

http://www.pclinuxos.com/

http://www.debian.org/

http://www.archlinux.org/

http://www.backtrack-linux.org/

http://netinfinity.org/

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